Calculate Bitcoin (BTC) mining profitability in realtime based on hashrate, power consumption and electricity cost. BTC exchange rates, mining pools. $31, $ $1, $ $ $ $ Follow @WhatToMine dark mode. Profitability Calculator. Check or Compare the potential earnings of your hardware. Calculator Comparison Auto Detection. ENTER HARDWARE MANUALLY. NOT SURE HOW TO START MINING? NiceHash QuickMiner. Start mining in less than 60 seconds and earn money with your PC now! We have prepared a simple tryout tool called NiceHash QuickMiner for you. 63 rows · 2 days ago · Calculate how profitable it is to mine selected altcoins in comparison to .
Bitcoin mining comparison calculator5 Best Bitcoin Mining Hardware ASIC Machines ( Rigs)
At the end of the day, mining is a competitive market. Another way of looking at it, is that hashrate is a measure of how healthy the Bitcoin network is. Bitcoin is like a many headed hydra, at this point in time it is more or less unstoppable. Buying bitcoin with a debit card is fast and efficient. Investments are subject to market risk, including the loss of principal. Underneath the hood, Bitcoin mining is a bit like playing the lottery. Typically we call this finding the next block.
Like many things connected to Bitcoin this is an analogy to help things be a little bit easier to understand. The deeper you go into the Bitcoin topic, the more you realise there is to learn. Whichever machine guesses the target number first earns the mining reward , which is currently 6. They also earn the transaction fees that people spent sending bitcoin to each other.
Just like winning the lottery, the chances of picking the right hash is extremely low. However, modern bitcoin mining machines have a big advantage over a person playing the lottery. The machines can make an awful lot of guesses. Trillions per second. Each guess is a hash, and the amount of guesses the machine can make is its hashrate. Other cryptocurrencies, like Litecoin , that use mining to support and secure their networks can be measured in hashrate.
However, different coins have different mining algorithms which means that the chance of a mining machine guessing the target, writing the block onto the blockchain and getting the reward is different from one cryptocurrency to the next.
We can still compare the amount of hashrate between two different cryptocurrencies, and the Bitcoin network has a lot more computing power than all the other currencies put together. So when we talk about the hashrate of the Bitcoin network, or a single Bitcoin mining machine, then we are really talking about how many times the SHA algorithm can be performed. The most common way to define that is how many hashes per second.
When Satoshi gave the world Bitcoin back in , it was easy enough to measure hashrate in hashes per second because the computing power on the Bitcoin network was still relatively low.
You could mine Bitcoin on your home computer and it was quite possible and likely that you would occasionally earn the then 50 BTC block reward every so often. Today the block reward is only 6. The machines are simply hashing away locally and then communicating to the network usually via a pool when they have found the latest block. It's hard to accurately measure the hashrate of all machines in the network. Hashrate charts are reverse engineered by comparing block frequency and network difficulty.
The oscillations exist because difficulty is constant in two weeks but block frequency varies greatly. At F2Pool, we find that estimated Network Hashrate is best represented as a moving average.
For a refresher on what difficulty is in the Bitcoin blockchain, read our explainer on difficulty or take a brief look at the video below:.
The daily estimation of hashrate is calculated by comparing the number of blocks that were actually discovered in the past twenty four hours with the number of blocks that we would expect would be discovered if the speed stayed constant at one block every ten minutes. Bitcoin is programmed to mine a block about every 10 minutes. In short, it becomes more difficult for miners to find the target.
The Tweet below is a good example of the kind of confusion hashrate data can create when it is not presented as a moving average. Look at this Bitcoin chart. Why is the BTC hash rate oscillating so much? The amplitude seems to have increased in recent months, does that imply hash rate centralization?
Or are Bitcoin PoW pools gaming the difficulty calculation? The chart below shows Bitcoin Hashrate as a three day moving average vs the price of Bitcoin itself, without the wild oscillations. Compared to the entire Bitcoin network that one machine is a drop in the ocean. There are millions of machines, in multiple countries hashing away trying to discover the next block.
Mining is a margins game, where every cent counts. If you ran an M20S on its own then probabilistically you would earn a single block every 16 years. Another aspect of the mining business that affects revenue is taxes.
Every miner needs to know the relevant tax laws for Bitcoin mining in his part of the world, which is why it is so important to use a crypto tax software when calculating profits. As the hashrate on the Bitcoin network increases, the chances of earning a reward through solo mining decreases. To increase their chances of earning mining revenue, miners connect to a mining pool to pool their computing power and proportionately share the block rewards of any block mined by the pool based on the amount of hashrate they contributed.
When Satoshi created Bitcoin and gave it to the world, he took the idea of hashrate and used it to ensure that Bitcoin would remain decentralized and secure. In Bitcoin, a proof-of-work is just a piece of data - or more precisely a number - which falls below a predetermined difficulty target that is continually and automatically readjusted by the Bitcoin protocol. For miners competing in the Bitcoin network, finding or generating this number involves repeatedly hashing the header of the block until the hashing algorithm spits out an output that falls below the aforementioned pre-set difficulty target.
Miners expend computational energy and compete to find the proof-of-work because finding the proof-of-work is the only way to validate blocks, and validating blocks is how miners in the Bitcoin network make their living.
The first miner to validate a block gets to create a unique transaction, called a coinbase transaction, whereby the miner rewards himself with a set amount of newly minted bitcoins. The process of hashing is, in fact, quite simple but requires an enormous amount of computational energy. Put simply, hashing is the transformation of a string of characters the input into a usually shorter, fixed-length value or key the output that represents the original string.
The trick with hashing is that, while running the same input through the same hashing algorithm always gets us the same output, changing only the smallest bit of the input and running it through the same algorithm changes the output completely. In order to find the proof-of-work, miners must repeatedly change the input which is consisted of the block header - the part that stays the same - and a random number called a nonce - which is the variable that miners change to get a different output and run it through the SHA cryptographic algorithm until they find a hash that meets the preset difficulty target.
Using sophisticated mining hardware called ASICs Application-Specific Integrated Circuits , miners can make hundreds of thousands of these calculations per second.
It takes the entire network of miners roughly 10 minutes to find and validate a new block of transactions.
The ever-changing difficulty target ensures that the Bitcoin protocol runs smoothly and that a new block is validated and added to the Bitcoin blockchain roughly every 10 minutes on average. This minute interval between blocks is better known as block time. Difficulty matters for more than just protocol security. Maintaining a stable block time has substantial monetary implications. Maintaining a low, fixed and predictable inflation rate is essential for a scarce digital asset such as Bitcoin.
In other words, if the cumulative hash power of the network rises, the Bitcoin protocol will readjust and make it harder for miners to find the proof-of-work. Ethereum , for example, aims for an average block time of 20 seconds, while Litecoin aims for a block time of 2.
You may be wondering: "How does the Bitcoin blockchain know if block times have been longer or shorter than ten minutes on average? Wouldn't this require an oracle to keep track of block times? Good question. The way the blockchain "knows" how much time the average block has taken during this difficulty period is by referencing timestamps left by the miners of each block.
To some extent, there are protocol rules in place that prevent a miner from lying about the timestamp. Difficulty directly impacts miner profitability. Difficulty adjustments make it easier or harder for active miners to find new blocks and earn bitcoins. Greater difficulty means that miners need more hashing power to secure the same chance of winning a block reward. If you are interested in mining, make sure to check out our mining profitablity calculator before you get started.
When inefficient miners shut their mining rigs off, the efficient miners that survive get to experience greater profit margins — but only for a short period of time.
In free markets with relatively low barriers to entry, high margins tend to attract competition. In that way, the Bitcoin protocol - through the moving difficulty target - acts as a self-stabilizing ecosystem. Another aspect of the mining business that affects profiit is taxes. The 'work' is computational power — therefore electricity is required to validate the network. Ideally, you want an ASIC that has a high hashrate and low power consumption. Such an ASIC would be efficient and profitable because you'd hopefully validate a block which would be worth more than your electricity costs.
With the block reward halving looming, the profitability of all but the most efficient operations will likely be challenged. Given that profits derived from the current generation of mining hardware are dwindling and will likely reach negative returns post-halving:. Can the new S9 change the game for smaller and hobby miners and restore their lost profitability? Note: Before you buy an Antminer S9 make sure you already have Bitcoin mining software and a Bitcoin mining pool.
The first batch of S9s will be available for order directly from Bitmain from the 12 th of June. However, the lower your electricity costs, the better your odds of the miner paying for itself within a reasonable timeframe.
Judging value in this space is a complicated exercise, although it would appear that nothing vastly technologically-superior to the S9 is likely to be released in the near future. The release cycle of a new generation of mining hardware every few months is likely to decelerate from this point on, as manufacturers have transitioned to cutting-edge 16 and 14nm designs.
The on-going miniaturisation of semiconductors allows ever greater computing power and electrical efficiency, but the process cannot continue forever with the current technology. The 16 nm fabrication process used in the manufacture of the S9 is a major improvement upon the 28 nm design common to other modern mining devices. Although a 10nm process is on the horizon for , further increases beyond that remain theoretical. Further, the design and manufacture of any 10nm Bitcoin mining hardware is likely to take at least a year.
Our guide on the best bitcoin wallets will help you get one fast and for free. Read it here! The good news is that existing power supplies, at least those of sufficient wattage, are fully compatible with the S9. A total of chips, spread over 3 circuit boards, are combined to achieve this phenomenal hashrate.
Note that Power Cost will be specific to your location and that Difficulty changes every 2 weeks, usually to the upside…. Your Pool Fees will be determined by your mining pool; although the S9 is plenty powerful, a single unit is highly unlikely to find any blocks when solo-mining.
Of course, such impressive results assume all factors stay constant which is hugely improbable in the ever-changing world of Bitcoin! The cutting-edge manufacturing process is what makes the S9 the most electrically-efficient mining device to date. It uses a mere 0. The S9 consumes about W more than the S7. Apart from the power supply, the S9 is a self-contained unit.
It requires no connection to another computer to interface with other Bitcoin nodes. The S9 performs reliably in any well-ventilated space, whether a single or several unit s kept in a spare room or hundreds to thousands of units in a large mining center.
On the other hand, the halving could bring about a higher Bitcoin price and reduced competition, increasing profitability. It is likely to remain profitable for far longer than previous generations of ASIC miner, although ROI cannot be guaranteed given the inherent unpredictability of Bitcoin mining. Bitmain is regarded as one of the most influential companies in the ASIC mining industry.
Halong Mining is no longer around. It seems they could not compete with the already established ASIC manufacturers, most likely because they could never fill their orders and get the partsd they needed to produce enough miners to make money. The DragonMint W power supply is strongly recommended, though not mandatory. Each miner requires its own individual power supply.
Professional mining hardware runs optimally at V, hence why mining farms step down their own electricity supply to V. In any case, it would be a good idea to buy the DragonMint power supply. These PSUs will get the job done, but they are not ideal for optimum mining performance. Consuming merely 0. Keep in mind that exact power consumptions vary, especially depending on which power supply you are using.
Take a look at the projected mining profitability of a single miner :. The Antminer R4 hashes at up to 8. BitFury was the first company to release 16nm chips. As the saying goes nothing good comes cheap. With all the awesome features that come with the Antminer R4 you would expect its price to be high.
Its price is among its cons because this may be too high for the average hobby miner. Once you setup your Antminer R4 you will see that its user interface has been well designed with the users in mind. All you have to do is enter your wallet address and mining pool settings before you start mining. It is also possible for you to customize settings such as the fan speed or the frequency. With a hash rate of 8. Rest easy because most homes have an outlet that can handle Watts safely but also expect your electricity bills to rise significantly.
Of course we assume that all factors remain constant which is almost impossible in the ever-changing world of Bitcoin.
This means that the Antminer R4 will eventually produce a profit, but only if the network hash rate, Bitcoin price, and electricity costs stay the same. All of those factors are a big IF, since the network difficulty almost always increases. So you are definitely taking on risk with this miner, and it may not be worth your time despite the many benefits it provides over other hardware. One of the most unique features of Antminer R4 is that it was designed to ensure the least possible sound with the maximum hash rate.
Antminer R4 replaces the traditional fan with a rotary blade system. The traditional fan has been the biggest source of noise for other mining hardware.
Its fan speed is controlled automatically, ensuring that the noise is regulated. Bitmain recommends the use of an APW5 power supply. It also uses 28nm Xilinx programmable logic. It supports Gigabit Ethernet to ensure that mined blocks are submitted instantly. Not only are the devices expensive but they also generate a lot of heat and noise, not to mention the amount of electricity they consume. Some of these problems mentioned above have been addressed and as a miner you can do it as a hobby while also making some money.
This home Bitcoin miner is not only a good fit for hobby miners but also helps to improve the decentralization of Bitcoin mining as a whole. Disclaimer: Buy Bitcoin Worldwide is not offering, promoting, or encouraging the purchase, sale, or trade of any security or commodity. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide is for educational purposes only. Every visitor to Buy Bitcoin Worldwide should consult a professional financial advisor before engaging in such practices.
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Only a legal professional can offer legal advice and Buy Bitcoin Worldwide offers no such advice with respect to the contents of its website. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide receives compensation with respect to its referrals for out-bound crypto exchanges and crypto wallet websites. Jordan Tuwiner Last updated December 1, Quick Tip Mining is not the fastest way to get bitcoins.
Buying bitcoin with a debit card is the fastest way. Power consumption watts :. Profitability Factors The Bitcoin price and the total network hash rate are the two main factors that will affect your profitability. The Bitcoin Price Bitcoin mining is a booming industry , but the Bitcoin price increasing can help make up some of these losses.
Bitmain Antminer S7 Review. Antminer S9 Review. Get a Wallet You can't mine bitcoins with an Antminer S9 without a wallet. Dragonmint 16T Review. Antminer R4 Review. Best Bitcoin Mining Software.