*Please note that values are only estimations based on past performance - real values can be lower or higher. Exchange rate of 1 BTC = USD was used. A Bitcoin mining calculator allows you to determine how much can you profit from a certain Bitcoin miner. It takes into account all relevant costs, such as hardware, electricity, and fees. 31 rows · Profit Calculator BitCoin Mining Hardware Specs Expected revenues are estimates based .
Bitcoin mining hardware calculatorBitcoin Mining Hardware Profitability Calculator (Cost, Fees and Rewards)
Bitcoin mining refers to the process of verifying transactions or payments carried out between users on a decentralized network. Besides, it is a means of introducing new coins to the network and keeping miners motivated. At the moment, Bitcoin is really hot. Despite the upheaval early this year, it is still thousands of times more valuable than it was in The early bunch of crypto enthusiasts and cyberpunks who went all in early are mostly fabulously wealthy now.
The undeniable fact is that with the exponential rise in value, mining has become a whole lot more difficult. It is impossible to mine profitably using simple hardware like your home PC.
Therefore the all-important question is this: Is Bitcoin mining still a viable endeavor? Mining difficulty is influenced by the computing power of the network and coincides with the preferred network block time.
This difficulty of the blockchain adjusts every 2, blocks contingent on how long it took to find the previous 2, blocks. For now, block rewards halve every , blocks.
This is approximately every four years. As such the block reward in was 50 coins but has reduced to The precise moment when halving will occur is shown by the Bitcoin clock. It is important to also highlight the subject of hashing. A hash essentially means function used to map data obtained from complex mathematical calculations. The difficulty of finding a hash below a given target is the Bitcoin network difficulty measure.
This difficulty changes every blocks as mentioned. This means that Bitcoin mining will continue to get harder and harder as time goes along. This is because the Proof-of-Work computations need large amounts of processing power. This makes electricity consumption correspondingly high. The end result is high power costs not only to power your hardware but also for cooling. This can mean a large chunk of your profits can be eaten up to the extent you go into negative territory. As a result it is only feasible to use high capacity, specialized mining equipment.
Anything else will leave you frustrated and possibly incurring losses. The most profitable mining operations require lost cost or even renewable energy. For instance mining has really caught on in Iceland with has natural cool air in addition to the former two. The specialized mining equipment such as the ASIC miners generates enough coin to offset the power costs. From the above, it is clear that to reap decently from Bitcoin, you better be prepared to make serious investment.
They are the most efficient but a little pricey as well. That said, you can still get decent results using one. One advantage over ASIC rigs is that you can mine multiple cryptocurrencies. This is because they are not programmed to any hash is particular. GPU rigs therefore offer better flexibility as you can adjust your coin mining to profitability of each coin.
Mining pools and cloud mining sites are also a risky endeavor. This is because it is difficult to ascertain the credibility of such platforms and some have turned out to be rip-offs. To control your mining destiny better, make the investment you can control.
Nevertheless, a proper passive income can be generated if you play your cards right. Let's explore the factors that you need to consider before you buy mining hardware:. Our guide on the best bitcoin wallets will help you pick one. Read it here! The initial investment in efficient mining hardware is probably one of the things keeping you from pulling the trigger, and for good reason. Mining hardware is expensive! In case you were not aware, the vast majority of mining operations are in China, primarily because of cheap electricity more on that later.
Since ASICs are expensive, many average consumers do not have the capital to invest. Large mining corporations operate mining farms with thousands of ASICs. Instead of mining being spread out across the world, the validation process is controlled by fewer people than first anticipated upon Bitcoin's inception. Some hardware might not pay itself off at all. The additional factors below are largely responsible for determining your ROI period.
You can use the calculator above to determine your projected earnings based on the ASIC you're using, and your electricity cost. Every time a block is validated, the person who contributed the necessary computational power is given a block reward in the form of new-minted BTC and transaction fees. Bitcoin's block time is roughly 10 minutes. Every 10 minutes or so, a block is verified and a block reward is issued to the miner.
When Bitcoin was first created, miners received 50 BTC for verifying a block. Every , blocks — roughly 4 years — the amount of BTC in the block reward halves. As the Bitcoin block reward continues to halve, the value of Bitcoin is predicted to increase. So far, that trend has remained true.
First, the amount of newly minted BTC often referred to as coinbase, not to be confused with the Coinbase exchange halved to 25 BTC, and the current coinbase reward is Eventually, there will be a circulating supply of 21 million BTC and coinbase rewards will cease to exist. Bitcoin transaction fees are issued to miners as an incentive to continue validating the network. By the time 21 million BTC has been minted, transaction volume on the network will have increased significantly and miners' profitability will remain roughly the same.
Of course, block rewards have a direct impact on your mining profitability, as does the value of BTC — since the value of BTC is volatile, block rewards will vary. Additionally, successfully confirming a block is the only way you will generate any revenue whatsoever by mining. On a simple level, hashrate is the way we measure how much computing power everyone around the world is contributing toward mining Bitcoin. Miners use their computer processing power to secure the network, record all of the Bitcoin transactions and get rewarded in bitcoin for their efforts.
The higher the hashrate of one individual Bitcoin mining machine, the more bitcoin that machine will mine. The higher the hashrate of the entire Bitcoin network, the more machines there are in total and the more difficult it is to mine Bitcoin. At the end of the day, mining is a competitive market.
Another way of looking at it, is that hashrate is a measure of how healthy the Bitcoin network is. Bitcoin is like a many headed hydra, at this point in time it is more or less unstoppable. Buying bitcoin with a debit card is fast and efficient. Investments are subject to market risk, including the loss of principal.
Underneath the hood, Bitcoin mining is a bit like playing the lottery. Typically we call this finding the next block. Like many things connected to Bitcoin this is an analogy to help things be a little bit easier to understand.
The deeper you go into the Bitcoin topic, the more you realise there is to learn. Whichever machine guesses the target number first earns the mining reward , which is currently 6. They also earn the transaction fees that people spent sending bitcoin to each other. Just like winning the lottery, the chances of picking the right hash is extremely low. However, modern bitcoin mining machines have a big advantage over a person playing the lottery.
The machines can make an awful lot of guesses. Trillions per second. Each guess is a hash, and the amount of guesses the machine can make is its hashrate. Other cryptocurrencies, like Litecoin , that use mining to support and secure their networks can be measured in hashrate. However, different coins have different mining algorithms which means that the chance of a mining machine guessing the target, writing the block onto the blockchain and getting the reward is different from one cryptocurrency to the next.
We can still compare the amount of hashrate between two different cryptocurrencies, and the Bitcoin network has a lot more computing power than all the other currencies put together. So when we talk about the hashrate of the Bitcoin network, or a single Bitcoin mining machine, then we are really talking about how many times the SHA algorithm can be performed.
The most common way to define that is how many hashes per second. When Satoshi gave the world Bitcoin back in , it was easy enough to measure hashrate in hashes per second because the computing power on the Bitcoin network was still relatively low. You could mine Bitcoin on your home computer and it was quite possible and likely that you would occasionally earn the then 50 BTC block reward every so often.
Today the block reward is only 6. The machines are simply hashing away locally and then communicating to the network usually via a pool when they have found the latest block. It's hard to accurately measure the hashrate of all machines in the network. Hashrate charts are reverse engineered by comparing block frequency and network difficulty. The oscillations exist because difficulty is constant in two weeks but block frequency varies greatly.
At F2Pool, we find that estimated Network Hashrate is best represented as a moving average. For a refresher on what difficulty is in the Bitcoin blockchain, read our explainer on difficulty or take a brief look at the video below:.
The daily estimation of hashrate is calculated by comparing the number of blocks that were actually discovered in the past twenty four hours with the number of blocks that we would expect would be discovered if the speed stayed constant at one block every ten minutes. Bitcoin is programmed to mine a block about every 10 minutes. In short, it becomes more difficult for miners to find the target. The Tweet below is a good example of the kind of confusion hashrate data can create when it is not presented as a moving average.
Look at this Bitcoin chart. Why is the BTC hash rate oscillating so much? The amplitude seems to have increased in recent months, does that imply hash rate centralization?
Or are Bitcoin PoW pools gaming the difficulty calculation? The chart below shows Bitcoin Hashrate as a three day moving average vs the price of Bitcoin itself, without the wild oscillations. Compared to the entire Bitcoin network that one machine is a drop in the ocean. There are millions of machines, in multiple countries hashing away trying to discover the next block. Mining is a margins game, where every cent counts.
If you ran an M20S on its own then probabilistically you would earn a single block every 16 years. Another aspect of the mining business that affects revenue is taxes.
Every miner needs to know the relevant tax laws for Bitcoin mining in his part of the world, which is why it is so important to use a crypto tax software when calculating profits. As the hashrate on the Bitcoin network increases, the chances of earning a reward through solo mining decreases. To increase their chances of earning mining revenue, miners connect to a mining pool to pool their computing power and proportionately share the block rewards of any block mined by the pool based on the amount of hashrate they contributed.
When Satoshi created Bitcoin and gave it to the world, he took the idea of hashrate and used it to ensure that Bitcoin would remain decentralized and secure.
In Bitcoin, a proof-of-work is just a piece of data - or more precisely a number - which falls below a predetermined difficulty target that is continually and automatically readjusted by the Bitcoin protocol. For miners competing in the Bitcoin network, finding or generating this number involves repeatedly hashing the header of the block until the hashing algorithm spits out an output that falls below the aforementioned pre-set difficulty target.
Miners expend computational energy and compete to find the proof-of-work because finding the proof-of-work is the only way to validate blocks, and validating blocks is how miners in the Bitcoin network make their living.