Lui smyth bitcoin

That's because almost no women own Bitcoins at all, according to a new online survey of Bitcoin users by Simulacrum, the blog of Lui Smyth, a researcher at University College London. About 93 percent of the crypto-currency's users are male, according to Smyth's latest survey, which is still ongoing. LÚÍ SMYTH. CoinJar UK Lead. Lúí leads the UK operations of CoinJar, Australia’s largest digital wallet and exchange. With six years of research experience in media and government, his first foray into the Bitcoin world was as an anthropology postgraduate at University College London, examining the social processes that allow digital. Lui Smyth is a researcher in UCL’s anthropology department, studying the Bitcoin community. I’ve known Lui for some time now, both of us being regulars at the London Meetups. Recently, Lui published the first results for his Politics of Bitcoin study and, we recorded a follow up interview. In the cut below we discuss: an .

Lui smyth bitcoin

Bitcoin economy widens — some parents are even paying allowances digitally – The Denver Post

Through an ethnographic study of the community that has formed around cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, we seek to understand the underpinning social conditions and technological environment that support the emergence of alternative payments systems. Consequently this line of inquiry may contribute to a discussion of social mobility and financial inclusion that is uniquely contextualised within the socio-technical engineering of peer-to-peer networks. This area of research inquiry may reveal how new forms of currencies, payments and digital value exchange represent fundamental shifts in the ways in which people think about and seek to leverage money to achieve forms of life security and financial stability.

In alignment with the projections of Fletcher : 60 , given the continual iterations of Bitcoin-style cryptocurrencies developed by the community, these growing systems of exchange have the capacity to provide insight into new opportunities for transnational human interaction and future conceptualisations of fiat currencies. We argue that one aspect of this transnational practice where a study of Bitcoin use may be most informative is in the area of remittances and international transfers. Banks are the most expensive at 11 per cent, compared to money transfer operators at 6.

These are average costs, differing across regions, with the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa at 9. The Sustainable Development Goals articulated in this recent report by the World Bank aim to reduce the cost of remittances to 3 per cent, with no corridor having an average cost greater than 5 per cent. In this context of reducing remittance costs to support financial inclusion across international contexts, the development of mobile remittance channels using Bitcoin, such as BitPesa, suggests that a remittance cost of 3 per cent holds promise Jackson The lower cost and instantaneous transfer of BitPesa offer an immediate benefit.

Consequently, in this instance BitPesa was unlikely to aid financial inclusion as it was observed to be taken up by people who already had accounts Mazer ; McKay Whilst BitPesa still faces legal and regulatory challenges, there is little study of its use.

Yet stories of Bitcoin? Regardless of these case studies reporting increased efficacy in disparate first-world and developing contexts, it remains difficult to find studies of people who have used it for remittances; what led to their adoption of Bitcoin; and how they overcame issues of unfamiliarity, lack of consumer protection and trust.

Drawing on the work of Supriya Singh examining banking, globalisation and money, including digital and mobile currencies, and Horst? Consequently, we require further research which seeks to document and explore social adoption in environments where Bitcoin payments involving foreign exchange transfer are faster, anonymous and cheaper than current arrangements, without increasing risk of loss or theft.

Given the focus of the research upon the user experience of Bitcoin, and its community articulations, the notions of trust, value and exchange are prominent technical, economic and social considerations reflected and critiqued by the social adoption and use of this cryptocurrency.

Maurer et al. More accurately, he highlights the observation of a lead Bitcoin programmer, Gavin Andresen, that this can be translated as the trust they place in the? Maurer states that this distributed network of shared trust in the operations of the Bitcoin code reveal a sociality of trust that is alternatively? As is apparent in Maurer? In one sense, trust is a technical problem that is solved through cryptographic authentication protocols. In another sense, the technological affordances mediating trust within Bitcoin use are intended by developers to engender a politically motivated discourse.

This discourse provokes the user to consider how Bitcoin generation and exchange represents the subversion of state endorsed third parties who control and regulate the circulation and value of money. The technical obviation of trust therefore is aimed at shifting the social narrative towards a consideration of ethical issues surrounding sovereignty and state power see Barton , for further discussion of this.

Whilst this observation of the nexus between trust, value and exchange seeded within the cryptographic protocols of Bitcoin is seen through an anthropological lens, its insight resonates across the literature. In particular this is the case for authors considering the structural, political and technical dimensions of Bitcoin, where there is an emphasis upon the generation of trust, privacy and security. A third area of inquiry will be developed by examining commercial challenges where technology, regulation and services intersect in the context of the Internet.

In speaking to this research direction, we seek to understand what Bitcoin users believe about the currency, with a particular focus on the permutations of trust and risk that they associate with its use. From this, we seek to understand the implications these perceptions upon their consumption practices and engagement with the banking system. From a banking and payments perspective we aim to develop insight into the risks that Bitcoin adopters and users experience or consider in relation to cybertheft, cyberfraud, and consumer protection.

Specifically, we will seek to understand the belief of users in the functionality of Bitcoin for value storage, transaction reliability, currency stability, privacy, anonymity and legal validity. We will also seek to understand where users actively discount current payments system obligations, such as anti-tax evasion, anti-money laundering, or sanctions compliance. Consequently, we argue that the questions emerging from the nexus of trust, risk and value that Bitcoin raises for ethnographic research, particularly through its translation to social and financial exchange practices, are likely to reveal a very human story that transcends code and critiques the strengths and limitations of our current financial transactional and regulatory environment.

As we have argued in this article, cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, are a recent socio-technical innovation that has both disruptive and bridging potentials across the voids of risk, trust and real-time exchange between people existing within the fiat economy.

Research to date has focused upon Bitcoin as a system of which the political discourse and technological affordances help people imagine an alternative future. Missing from this dialogue is an ethnographic engagement with the human experience and motivations behind the use of Bitcoin in mundane social exchange practices. Through engaging the community that forms around and innovates upon the Bitcoin exchange platform, we argue that there are three research domains that can be developed.

Firstly we argue that the alternative payments system cryptocurrencies introduce incorporates many aspects of social engineering designed to facilitate practices of social resistance within a community of users who share overlapping values of personal sovereignty and information freedom.

This unique community experiment in generating a peer-to-peer payments system that harnesses innovations in digital networked technologies points to an evolving and under-studied digital social frontier.

We suggest that the alternative digital economy created through Bitcoin technology and the associated user community is both emergent and mobile. These characteristics speak most strongly to the use of ethnographic techniques, particularly those that encompass both the physical and digital spaces of community. The methodological frameworks developed within these works will provide background context for the politics and socio-technical practices of the communities associated with the use and generation of cryptocurrencies.

Given the nature of the community adopting Bitcoin to be dispersed across international contexts and the capacity for Bitcoin to facilitate borderless exchange, the second research direction proposed is to explore social adoption in environments where Bitcoin payments involving foreign exchange transfer are faster, pseudo-anonymous and cheaper than current arrangements.

The third domain of research proposed through an ethnographic lens is to consider what Bitcoin users believe about the currency, from a banking and payments perspective.

We have argued that this direction is likely to encompass considerations of the risks that Bitcoin adopters and users experience or consider in relation to cybertheft, cyberfraud, and consumer protection.

The three areas of inquiry into Bitcoin use proposed in this paper offer different yet interrelated perspectives into how cryptocurrencies critique and hack the existing payments system. In doing so, we anticipate that conducting an ethnographic study of the cryptocurrency movement more generally will point to socially generated solutions for current financial inequalities both within the local and global contexts.

Alpha Point. Accessed: Archived by WebCite? Ba, Sulin. Barton, P. Bitcoin and the Politics of Distributed Trust. Master's Thesis, Swarthmore College.

Bhakta, P. Blanchard, A. Welbourne, J. L; Boughton, M. Bohr, J; Bashir, M. An exploration of the Bitcoin community. Brezo, F? Venice, Italy. Brown, J; Morgan, J. Cheshire, C. Coleman, E. G; Golub, A. Hacker practice: Moral genres and the cultural articulation of liberalism. Anthropological Theory. De Filippi, Primavera. Donnelly, J. Killer App?? Elias, Matthew. To bit or not to bit? Fargo, Scott. The Economics of Bitcoin Mining Centralization?. Inside Bitcoins.

Feld, Scott L. Fletcher, Justin. Paper presented at the CHI? Ganley, D; Lampe, C. The ties that bind: Social network principles in online communities. Decision Support Systems, 47 3 , Empirical research in on-line trust: A review and critical assessment.

International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 58 6 , Digital Anthropology. Oxford and New York: Berg. Horst, Heather A. Horst, Heather A; Taylor, Erin. The role of mobile phones in the mediation of border crossings: A study of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Mobile Media and Communication 1: Jackson, Tom. Could Bitcoin ease the pain of Africa's migrant workforce?? Jacobs, E. Bitcoin: A Bit Too Far?

Do libertarians dream of electric coins? The material embeddedness of Bitcoin. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 15 1 : Kelty, C. Two bits : the cultural significance of free software : Durham : Duke University Press. Lane, Jonathon. Charleston Law Review 8 4 , Lee, Timothy. How Private Are Bitcoin Transactions?? Lustig, Caitlin; Nardi, Bonnie. Maddox, Alexia. Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Thanks for comment Klaus. As a matter of interest, which explanation for low western female participation do you find most plausible? First, a correction to my post: I forgot one german female engineer among my colleagues, but still a massive disparity. The main reason for differing interests not just in tech between genders? Nature, not nurture. Until they come out as trans - maybe only as adults - society treats them according to their biological sex.

Nevertheless, society cannot change their brains. They match those of their gender, as shown in MRI scans. Or maybe the women who have higher education available in Asia are not discouraged as effectively from seeking STEM education as they are in Western Europe. I've worked with a number of women during my education and work life, and they were uniformly starkly better at, well, almost everything than I am.

Better organized, more motivated, cognitively sharper, better coders, the works. I might have one aspect on any given one of them where I was comparable, but never more than that. For reference on myself: I am today employed on an elite team of software developers, and earning a sky-high salary. Now, this makes me wonder: Where are the women who are not quite that impressive? Certainly, I would expect there to be the same sort of sliding scale of performance as among the men.

But they're not there. Or at least, they're vanishingly few. Which to my signal-processing mind looks like a cutoff filter. This entirely fits the social pressure hypothesis: That there is a certain level of social pressure pushing women away from STEM fields.

The women who are fierce and driven enough to counter that force, they get in. The many who either cannot push against that pressure, or choose a different, easier path, them we don't see despite many of them undoubtedly being potentially very good developers etc. Hell, if I turned out this well, so could they - I'm not so very impressive, all told.

I guess I am one of the Bitcoin girlfriends. I hold 3 Masters. I am technologically savvy although no geek. I had never heard of Bitcoin before summer through my boyfriend although I have been online 8h a day for the past 12 years. I would give much to have the competence it takes to really get involved instead of waiting for a later stage where "user friendly" applications will make it possible for the average person to hold bitcoins.

It is true that nothing has kept me from spending my teenage years teaching myself how to program, opening computers to see what goes on inside and learning the intricacies of systems. Why didn't I do it? Because no one around me ever told me that these things exist and no one ever made me believe that I could actually learn these things.

I think the barriers between women and technology are more subtle nowadays but very much there. If I was to consider acquiring programming skills at this point in my life, I would feel more comfortable learning from a woman or maybe in a group with other women.

Men tend to make us feel ridiculous and inadequate - again, in subtle ways, nothing very mean but very much there. On the other hand, I think women have to step up their game. We have to stop ignoring technology except for online shopping, of which we have become experts, it is sad but we all know it's true , get interested in how stuff works, start questioning everything and encourage our sons AND daughters to open any electronic device they can find instead of yelling at them because they "broke something".

We as women need to move out of our comfort zone and conquer the new frontier that is technology - and maybe this should start by stopping to mock female geeks because they are mocked mainly by other women imho, not by men Thank you very much for these comments Cascado - you make really interesting points about the subtle lack of encouragement, which I think men frequently don't even realise is a problem because they don't experience it.

Also interesting point about the lack of support from other women - that's not something that I know much about, but it would be really interesting to look deeper into potential causes of that. You seem to want the world to just hand you bitcoin on a silver platter.

You seem to want the world to just hand you a premade guide on how to go from nothing to being a master programmer without any effort. You want everyone around you to tell you that it's possible to open up a computer or learn a programming language or make you believe that you could actually do any of that.

Men have no such expectation! Men don't expect to be taught - they teach themselves. Men don't complain about the difficulty of entry into a field to excuse not entering it - they work harder.

Men will spend 5 hours a day programming because it interests them! Not because "society" handed them some kind of guide! Literally one minute of Google searches will lead you to fairly user-friendly guides on how to use bitcoin. You download a single application, and you're done. Boom, you can hold bitcoin! You don't even need the application, because you can hold bitcoin online!

It's about as user-friendly as anything can be! But you'll complain about how nobody ever explained this to you, how nobody ever encouraged you to enter the bitcoin world, how nobody ever told you that you could do it. Well, guess what, nobody ever explained this to me!

Nobody ever encouraged me! Nobody ever told me I could do it! I sought out that information by my own will, because I wanted it! And even though I had to expend some effort in order to get it, I was willing to expend that effort, unlike you!

If you want to learn programming, you can learn everything you'll ever need to know from books and from the internet. You literally never need talk to a man face to face to learn programming. Google it. Make the sacrifice of time. Google "how to program" or "programming guide" or "list of programming languages".

Do literally anything but complain about how nobody is helping you. This is the difference between men and women. Men are willing to sacrifice time and effort to learn about something interesting. Women complain that anything that requires effort is sexist. Men show initiative - if they want to know something, they ask.

Women don't ask and then complain about not being told the answer. Men expect society to beat them to a pulp if they don't work incredibly hard to hold their own. And when society gave women equality, they discovered that being expected to have initiative and being expected to work hard and earn your way are not fun.

In other words, they discovered that "male privilege" was not so great after all. And now they want all the benefits of working hard, without actually working hard. Got me thinking about entering into a positive freedom to work towards inclusion for men to look for romantic partners who will financially support them. Do you really think its all socially created patterns or do you see validity in evolutionary psychology which shows differences in the genders which has supported each of them in their survival.

Thanks for the thorough exploration of the topic. Thanks for the comments. I don't think evolutionary psychology or biology are implausible or outrageous explanations - and we should take them seriously - but I also know that people have the ability to 'reprogram' cultures, as it were. I do not believe we are determined or alternatively, do not believe that we ought to be determined , by psychological trends that may have roots in some distant past.

I'm going to read more into it though! The "women don't like tech" dogma is such rubbish - nothing to do with "nature" of the female brain. Who wrote the first computer-programming algorithm? Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace. Thanks for comment Julie - check out the comment I wrote above about appeals to science to justify power dynamics.

I guess once the Bitcoin industry really took off and theys tarted building companies dedicated to it, we'll see a man-dominated world. I think you're wrong. I love the fact that men still rule the roost, albeit it badly. I like Stacy Herbert but her ilk is few and far between. The long-haired thin beauties who serve as anchors… somehow I trust my sons students of engineering and science respectively a trifle more. I am almost otherside of middle-aged a babyboomer and I love the idea of bitcoin, because of them!

I find a lot of young MEN interested in this, whereas the girlfriends could not be bothered. I feel safe when my husband's home! Thanks for the post! I love the amount of references you share, it reminds me of reading wikipedia, but with clear understanding, that there is a person behind the text. Recently I have been thinking a lot about how gathering the right people inside the community forms its the future.

So here are some ideas that may resonate to your close call. I do not believe, that there is something intrinsically wrong with the prevailing quantity of the men in some walks of life. In case you wanted to empathically explore how the system works for other users, imagine a walk of life you have never considered to get into and have no connections with.

I assume you never wanted to join 13 years old girls' pajama party, let's refer to it as 13YOGPP, it sounds cooler and more exclusive. My first point is you probably don't have any desire to get involved. That's fair enough! Maybe, you just do not have a lot of 13 years old girls around to mention how great it is to?

Curiosity is the main reason to learn something new, but when you do not have even weak ties with the community, the odds you'll hear about the 13YOGPP go down to 0. You will become interested with even less probability. I don't think that the inequality you're talking about is the matter of initial quantitative privilege concerning men, but that it is a matter of how the information is being spread.

The word of mouth is circling around the people from financial community, which is well known to be patriarchal. And the other question is, how many women repeatedly hear about Bitcoin in general conversations? The second point I can demonstrate on our amazing 13YOGPP starts with the assumption that you do want to join for some reason. What do you do then? I would try to get into the community, which requires quite a lot of effort, hence, proportional amount of desire.

Can you see the vicious circle? We are coming back to the existing male dominated social environment. So, finally, I believe that spreading of information flow logically brought the community to the point where it currently stands.

All you need to do with it is change the basis by changing the direction of the flow. It may work :. Thanks for the great comment Olga. There are obviously similar dynamics in many exclusive social groups. The reasons I don't enter a 13 year old girls party may be similar to the reasons why I don't enter a Hindu temple where everyone speaks Hindi - I don't feel like I 'belong' and I'd have to exert comparatively more effort than someone who does feel like they do belong.

Your example of the 13YOGPP though, is one which has limited implications for societal power - it's not like my exclusion from that pajama party really disempowers me over time.

Being subtly excluded or discouraged from entering something like a technology community, or a political community, or a business community though, has far bigger implications for distribution of power in society. But yes, you are right that a desire to join a community has to be constructed over time, and will be supported only if there are many people around you who constantly talk about that and encourage you to get involved.

Hi Brett. I had no aim to compare 13YOGPP to tech or business community in terms of its impact on power distribution in society. That was an attempt to find something you completely disconnected from on the level of personal communication. My theories are hard to explain without the context of my personal experience, since most of them are empirical.

Based on your comments, I assume that you seriously think that encouragement is a useful social tool. Two things about it made me look as the woman on the ecard posted by you: encouragement is usually used as substitution for information, and encouragement is not a conversation between two equal parts.

The former makes it absolutely useless, even harmful, for the society, especially in the long run and the latter convinces encouraged in being weak. There are few thought about it and my answer on 'the cockfest situation'. Another disclaimer: I don't like gender-based division, but I will let it be for now to illustrate the idea better. That form of care slowly eliminated me as an active part of the decision.

Just as many people I lacked the information to make my own decision, and future was presented to me through experience of the other people aka I was encouraged. Typical and the only environment where encouragement works. Looking back at the school years, men of my age would recall sitting with their friends hacking the logic of computer games with speedruns or having a bit more hardcore competitions like writing virus, which opens floppy disk drive.

Even if you were not the one doing it, you have got a vital information that people like you are capable to. We keep getting that information throughout our life through the social groups we are in not deliberately. This is what I call passive information source. It has two functions - to tell you that 'you can do it' due to the short distance with the person who actually does and to constantly deliver unfiltered information in a gentle way, socialising. This is where boys painlessly learn to experiment with computers and be interested in tech, while the information and experience stays in their gender group.

It may sound silly, but this is the root of all evil. I believe that due to that passive information centers, the main gender-profession groups are formed in adulthood. It usually takes a lot of effort to plug in, if you didn't have an easy social access to the variety of information from the field. Few times I was left with the necessity to get everything through the educational system or internet , it works very slowly and requires huge amount of effort.

People are usually get that passive information source not deliberately, and then we hear these stories, starting with 'I was lucky to meet Mr. A and it changed my life completely Back to Encouragement.

Women just as all the other people hardly ever need an encouragement, they need a passive information source. It is harder to create than a message 'let's encourage women in tech', but it builds the only good message - listen to others, make decisions by yourself.

Now, when people are constantly talking about encouragement as a life west for others, we perceive that concept as an action for good. I have seen a lot of unhappy woman, who were encouraged to do Math in childhood driven by woman-in-tech ambitions of their parents and teachers or desire to be unique. Even though they are brilliant programmers, they are now experiencing backfire of social prejudice created around tech.

Apart from the fact that money came to the scene, when they had got success in profession, now they are being discouraged to change the major by woman-in-tech people. I heard a lot of 'Ooooh, you are doing design now.

Not as many people, I am lucky to have a good level of resistance for both encouragement and discouragement to not being bothered with these extremely helpful comments. On the other hand, encouragement makes reverse action on bepety-bopety type of men. They feel that big-to-weak message in the word encouragement and start to push back. In their universe the society is trying to make them help less fortunate encourage woman.

All the mechanisms bep-bop is going to use in his everyday life, is concealed games rather than straight actions against woman. Discouragement can't be cured by seemingly opposite action - encouragement, but it also can't compete with own experience. People who lack personal experience will start reminding the one gained from the passive informational source.

When contradiction occurs, the main magic here is that they start questioning what is right, this seeds of doubt lead to independent thinking. Independent thinking scares people who may try to discourage. I finally made a conclusion that Bitcoin community is not exclusive, by the way, it just do not let the passive information spread beyond created borders. It is a closed info system in terms of real life communication real life bit is the most important one.

I suppose that it is possible to take the mechanism that works to split up people by gender and find a way to direct it backwards. Providing PInSo, as I see it now, the best and the only way to make informational borders rust with time and the abbreviation sounds funny to me, which it's advantage. Thanks, Brett, for a very well referenced piece.

I want to raise a question though. Using extreme sport as a metaphor. Of course, 'risk' is a subjective concept - for example, if you already have a lot of cash, it isn't actually that scary to lose a percentage of it.

Maybe men like the media perception that it's risky, and like the idea of being 'risk-takers', but you've also got to ask which men actually end up doing this - from my experience of financial markets, many of the so-called 'risk-taking traders' don't take that much risk at all, because they're comparatively well-off and only risk a small percentage of their own wealth, or else feel that a loss wouldn't actually hurt them that much because they have access to other jobs and sources of income if they do fail.

It would be interesting to see how 'risk-taking' men were in the situation where a loss actually meant ruining yourself and truly falling out of the bottom of society. I suspect people with fewer implicit safety nets for future income e. I think this sums it up: bitcoin is challenging the monetary system and should inherently challenge the patriarchy nature of global finance too. Well said! Really interesting discussion.

My ex-girlfriend forwarded me this very good article this morning, and I've written a sort of response and submitted it to www. I tried to tell my cousin a woman and two sisters about bitcoin beginning in They all told me they would not touch bitcoin because it was "too risky".

It's a commonplace that most women are far more risk than most men. And please don't tell me it's because men are "trained" to be riskier than women. That's just ideological silliness. Insurance actuarial tables tell all. I agree and I am a woman. And no I don't hate my own sex, I just think that the kind of affirmative action being applied is so very false. I love my friends and mostly they think the same way as I do.

But then we didn't marry thugs who hurt and destroy. Thanks for comments Staff - see my comments above about risk in Satoshi Pollen's post. Thank you, Brett, for bringing this topic up. I have experienced the same attitude when trying to raise awareness on the lack of women in our hackerspace.

Here is my collection on Women in Tech, I'll add your article to it! There's nothing new about this, and it shouldn't be surprising. There are few women involved in Bitcoin for the same reason there are few female computer scientists, and few women in IT and few female mathematicians, at least in the West. In our society, women are brought up or "socialized" in such a way that any interest in math, science, computers or related fields are, at best, not encouraged, at worse, actively discouraged.

Which is almost impossible given the modern media saturation of almost all aspects of life. Even with the benefit of the most positive, progressive parents, who are often almost powerless in the face of such an onslaught. Have you read a teen magazine lately? This has absolutely nothing to do with Bitcoin, but plenty to do with plain simple Patriarchy. Of course you always get the arguments that women are less inclined towards certain fields than men, or that men are naturally better at certain things than women.

In fact, these views are so widespread that they are almost taken for granted by many. Only later when the perspective was widened and other cultures were examined, did it became clear that in some cultures women performed better at math than men, meaning the difference had nothing to do with biology.

Even there they are obviously exceptions, but the idea of taking a given cultural narrative and trying to extrapolate biological explanations for the behaviour contained therein should be seen as plainly wrong, yet this is so often done by even the smartest men and women!

I can only explain this as cultural chauvinism, or simple ignorance. I think it's great that you have brought this up, however, since it might result in at least a little self-examination and perhaps a bit more awareness that we still do live in a Patriarchal society. Hi Chris, thanks for the great comment - I agree with your points, and I think there's an excellent case to be made that, on average, there are gender roles that are inculcated into people which then gets reflected in their view about what is 'normal' for them to get involved with.

Of course people have the ability to override dominant trends e. That said, while cultural constructions of gender do probably form that backdrop to male monopolisation of BTC, I do think there is still merit in the other bitcoin-specific explanations I gave as well.

Wow, what a triumph to apply your ideology. You could use it to reveal the hidden insights about a colony of mushrooms just as well.

What tendency of society are you really talking about, though? Women do easier work, men work harder. Women have value automatically, men are nothing unless they earn it.

Do you women-worshipers honestly want to change this arrangement by finding ways to make women worthless like in the East, where women do indeed hold their own better in technical fields?

Oops, those poor women are suffering under penisarchy too, a perpetual grievance for you to address, even in a lesbian society. I bookmarked this before finishing, loved it. Your writing is clear and powerful, the post is greatly sourced. Thank you so much. Thanks for observations Lily.

I didn't really make an explicit claim to be countering sexism in a tech subculture - I was relaying my experience of the situation, and suggesting it's something the community should think about.

I also never claimed that I'm free from sexism, or heterosexism I was actually brought up in South Africa, a far more sexist macho culture than the average BTC meetup.

Indeed, my dad was a special forces soldier, and I've experienced the world of mercenaries, white supremacists and aggro nationalist culture, which make the more implicit forms of exclusion one finds in tech scenes look comparatively mild - albeit I believe the implicit forms of exclusion can be equally damaging.

I'm trying to learn about and grapple with these issues for myself, and hopefully that helps others too. Is that a good enough mansplanation for you?

Something to investigate further definitely - relates to Explanation 4 offered in the article. I just wanted to throw out my personal anecdote. When i first heard about bitcoin, it sounded awesome, but I didn't even consider getting into it because I was exhausted from getting up eight times a night with my baby, which I was doing because my husband makes more money so I took on childcare while he continued working. I think broader cultural problems like gender inequality with childcare and baby-unfriendly businesses are interwoven in the women-in-tech issue.

Thanks for the observations Eva. Important point. Businesses frequently treat their employees family lives and obligations as an irrelevant annoyance, and this definitely hits women hardest. You seem to want the world to just hand you a premade guide on Who let the village There isn't one single bloody bit of fact in the vast sea of personal opinion, un-noticed privilege, and general ignorance in your whole post. You sound like a bloody libertarian, whining about how everyone else can succeed like they did, all they had to be was male, white, in a well off family, with good teachers, attentive parents, the right sort of friends, easy access to college loans, and..

Buy yourself a clue. I am sure you can find the spare change. Hi Kagehi - I agree - but you can post this directly under bippety boppity's comment so that he sees it - hit 'reply' under his post.

You, on the other hand, couldn't succeed with all of those factors. Congratulations, maybe you are gay? Ha ha, that's really cool - that's the kind of cultural precedent that needs to happen more. This is one thing I love about Bitcoin. You can whine all you like but there are no government "diversity" bureaucrats who can come and redistribute the pie here. Eric Holder can shake down big banks each years for billions of dollars with entirely phony "disparate impact" lawsuits all he likes but good luck doing that with Bitcoin!

Thank you for your white male comment. You're assured a place in in the long, proud historical register of people who never gave a shit, and for that you can be happy. Yeah, only people with less clue about reality are the ones that think, "Inflation is caused by the minimum wage".

Even Forbes is smart enough to have avoided that idiot suggestion when writing an article on the subject, but, being a magazine for rich investment banker types, they missed the rather glaring one - When someone hoards all the money, there is less for everyone else, which means you have to print more of it, which is worth less, in terms of real goods as a result. But, yeah, that has "no" effect on the economy, or inflation It would be way different if the Stuck Mud's, when in the money did what the otherwise useless sports stars do, and blow every dime they make, then have to spend the rest of their lives flipping hamburgers, like everyone else.

Then, their money would actually "trickle down" back into the bloody economy. Instead, the only thing it ever trickles down is a sewer grate. Brett Scott can't make an argument without playing the race or gender card.

He's a self-hating mangina and a leftist toadie for his femifascist masters. I think you changed my post. I'm pretty sure that I didn't use exclamation marks, and that I didn't make that typo "year" not "years".

The first time I met Bitcoin was when I bought some interesting services from shady merchants in the wonderful place of Deep Web. Could the fact that the birth of Bitcoin is tied to hidden, illegal activities like child porn, narcotics and murder-for-hire be the reason why the forerunners in TBC scene were mostly men and that the image of TBC hasn't been the most feminine one?

The newer cryptocurriencies have more healthy and friendly public echo and are far more approachable for normal people. If women spent less time time and effort bemoaning "underrepresented" social arenas and just went out and DID things what a concept!

Waiting to be "encouraged" is infantile behavior for grown women.

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In , the digital anthropologist Lui Smyth conducted a survey of the most common uses of bitcoin. He found bitcoin was used to buy web services, software, hardware, gambling services, and (in. LÚÍ SMYTH. CoinJar UK Lead. Lúí leads the UK operations of CoinJar, Australia’s largest digital wallet and exchange. With six years of research experience in media and government, his first foray into the Bitcoin world was as an anthropology postgraduate at University College London, examining the social processes that allow digital. Rather than focusing on the tension between centralisation of the fiat economy and the decentralised protocol of Bitcoin, Lui Smyth () points to a condition highlighted by De Filippi? the creation of the currency? as the quality that defines Bitcoin in comparison to fiat currencies. Tags:Wie funktioniert bitcoin blockchain, Control finance bitcoin, Ganar dinero viendo videos bitcoins, Bitcoin icon free, Process of btc admission in up